The Importance Of Physical Examination Of The Newborn

Infant physical examination should be performed on the first day after birth. The examination includes examination of vital signs are including body temperature, heart rate, and infant breathing, length and weight, as well as the specific examination of the vital organs of the body.

Physical examination of the newborn is an important routine medical procedure performed by a doctor to make sure the baby is healthy. This examination is also important to detect certain diseases or conditions of small early on.

In General, physical examination this baby is done in a hospital or in a clinic before the birthing mother and baby home. Mom and dad are advised to stay in the hospital or at the clinic until the inspection is complete, and wait for the doctor to explain the results of the examination and the condition of the little people. If your doctor or midwife found a problem with the baby, they will be referred for further examination and treatment.

Do a physical examination of the baby?

Physical examination of infants include:

Apgar checks

This check is done immediately after the newborn. Apgar examination involves checking the color of the skin of the baby, the baby's heartbeat, the baby's reflexes, muscle strength and the baby is breathing. If the baby's Apgar test values greater than 7, then the baby could be considered healthy. However, if the value of the low Apgar baby, then the baby may have certain health problems.

Pregnancy examination, head circumference, and body weight

Pregnancy examination to determine the age of birth, Whether the baby is born prematurely or according to the normal lifespan is determined by an assessment of the value of the new Ballard. The doctor or midwife will weigh the weight and measure the length and circumference of the baby's head. All of these measurements will be compared with the graph to make sure that the baby is normal.

Examination of the head and neck

Infant physical examination includes inspection-inspection of the head and neck. The doctor will check the shape of the baby's head, neck, eyes, nose and ears to see if there are abnormalities in the shape of the head and neck of the baby.

Oral exam

Oral examination includes inspection of the gums and palate. This examination is very important to detect abnormalities such as cleft lip.

Examination of heart and lung

Physical examination of the infant in the heart include checking the heart rate and sound using normal newborn rate range 120-160 beats per minute. Abnormal heart sounds or sounds may indicate a problem with the structure of the heart. This examination aims to detect whether the baby has heart disease. On Lung examination, the doctor will check the respiratory rate, respiratory patterns, and evaluate respiratory function. In this examination, the doctor will also see if the baby has signs of breathing difficulty, such as quick or irregular breathing, snorting when breathing or bluish tint to lips, gums, mucous membranes and the baby.

Examination of the abdomen and stomach genital examination of infants include form, abdominal circumference and examination of the organs in the abdomen such as liver, intestines and the stomach of the baby. Examination of the baby's cord is also included in the physical examination.
Examination of the genital organs is part of a routine physical examination in the newborn, in a baby boy, the doctor will evaluate whether the testes in the scrotum. In a baby girl, the doctor will check the shape of the labia, and the fluid that comes out of the vagina.

Examination of the spine

This examination aims to determine if your baby has a disorder such as spina bifida or neural tube defects.

Examination of hands and feet

The doctor will check the pulse in each arm, making sure that each of the hands and feet are the same size and the number of fingers on the extremities.


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