Factors That Can Cause Heart Disease

Heart disease is one of the deadliest diseases in the world. This disease refers to problems and deformities of the heart itself, such as arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, coronary heart disease , heart failure, leaking heart valves, and so on. To anticipate this problem, you should start to be aware of the various factors that cause this heart disease. 

Factors that cause heart disease

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy , genetic. Meanwhile, congenital heart disease can occur before a person is born.There are many factors that can increase your risk of developing heart disease. By understanding it, you can at least lower your risk of developing heart disease. The factors that cause heart disease that may be owned by many people, including:

    High blood pressure

Having high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. This condition occurs when the blood pressure in the arteries and veins is too high. If not controlled, high blood pressure can affect the heart, kidneys and brain. It even makes the heart beat faster which can increase the risk of stroke, impaired heart function to cardiac arrest.

    High cholesterol levels

Having high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) and low levels of good cholesterol (HDL) can increase your risk of developing heart disease. Cholesterol can build up in artery walls, causing narrowing in these areas and reducing blood flow to the heart, brain, and other parts of the body.


Having diabetes is also a risk factor for heart disease. When high blood glucose levels are not managed properly, the condition can increase the amount of plaque that builds up inside the walls of blood vessels. As a result, blood flow to the heart can be blocked until it stops.


Are you obese ? If so, you need to be vigilant because these conditions can increase your risk of various diseases, including heart disease. High fat levels in obese patients can have the effect of resistance to the hormone insulin. In addition, obesity can also increase LDL cholesterol levels that trigger heart disease.


Did you know that the risk of heart disease increases with age? Men aged 45 years or older and women aged 55 years or older, have a greater risk of heart disease.

    Family history

Did your parents have heart disease? If so, you should be careful because you have a greater risk of suffering from heart disease if there are family members who also suffer from the disease.

    Eating unhealthy food

Frequent consumption of foods high in saturated fat , trans fat, and cholesterol is associated with a risk of heart disease and other health conditions, such as atherosclerosis. In addition, consuming too much salt can also increase blood pressure which can trigger heart disease.

    Rarely move or exercise

Lazy to move is indeed a bad habit. This habit can bring various risks of disease, including heart disease. When the body is rarely moving or exercising, you are more likely to have obesity, high blood pressure, or even diabetes .

    Drink too much alcohol

The habit of drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can increase blood pressure and the risk of heart disease. In addition, this habit will also increase triglyceride levels (fatty substances in the blood), which can trigger you to develop heart disease. If you like to drink alcohol, try to adhere to the recommended daily consumption limit, which is no more than 2 glasses per day.


Smoking can increase your risk of heart disease. Smoking is very dangerous because it can cause damage to the heart and blood vessels. In addition, the nicotine contained in it can increase blood pressure.Not only that, carbon monoxide from cigarette smoke can reduce the amount of oxygen carried by the blood. Not only active smokers, secondhand smoke can also increase the risk of heart disease.


Some studies show that depression increases a person's risk of developing heart disease. This mental condition can cause a number of changes in the body that can affect heart health. Too much stress and feeling sad due to depression also has the potential to increase blood pressure which can lead to heart disease.

If you have one or more of the above factors, you should start living a healthy lifestyle that can help reduce your risk and prevent heart disease. In addition, also do regular health checks with your doctor, such as regular blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure tests to control them properly so you can avoid heart disease.Meanwhile, if you have been declared to have heart disease, then in addition to a healthy lifestyle, the doctor may prescribe certain drugs to control the symptoms of heart disease. Of course, you must take the drug as prescribed by your doctor.


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